# shapely.line_merge#

line_merge(line, directed=False, **kwargs)#

Returns (Multi)LineStrings formed by combining the lines in a MultiLineString.

Lines are joined together at their endpoints in case two lines are intersecting. Lines are not joined when 3 or more lines are intersecting at the endpoints. Line elements that cannot be joined are kept as is in the resulting MultiLineString.

The direction of each merged LineString will be that of the majority of the LineStrings from which it was derived. Except if `directed=True` is specified, then the operation will not change the order of points within lines and so only lines which can be joined with no change in direction are merged.

Parameters
lineGeometry or array_like
directedbool, default False

Only combine lines if possible without changing point order. Requires GEOS >= 3.11.0

**kwargs

For other keyword-only arguments, see the NumPy ufunc docs.

Examples

```>>> from shapely import MultiLineString
>>> line_merge(MultiLineString([[(0, 2), (0, 10)], [(0, 10), (5, 10)]]))
<LINESTRING (0 2, 0 10, 5 10)>
>>> line_merge(MultiLineString([[(0, 2), (0, 10)], [(0, 11), (5, 10)]]))
<MULTILINESTRING ((0 2, 0 10), (0 11, 5 10))>
>>> line_merge(MultiLineString())
<GEOMETRYCOLLECTION EMPTY>
>>> line_merge(MultiLineString([[(0, 0), (1, 0)], [(0, 0), (3, 0)]]))
<LINESTRING (1 0, 0 0, 3 0)>
>>> line_merge(MultiLineString([[(0, 0), (1, 0)], [(0, 0), (3, 0)]]), directed=True)
<MULTILINESTRING ((0 0, 1 0), (0 0, 3 0))>
```